Problems associated with opioid prescribing for pain, including non-medical use and overdose, have increased to historic levels in the US and represent a public health crisis. Emergency departments (EDs) play a central role in opioid prescribing, particularly to individuals at high risk for adverse opioid-related outcomes. In this NIH-funded study led by CMCD affiliate, Amy Bohnert, PhD, investigators are adapting a motivational intervention designed to promote safe opioid use for delivery through mobile technology. 600 patients with an opioid prescription will be recruited during an ED visit. In the intervention condition, interactive voice response calls will repeatedly assess patients’ non-medical opioid use and pain levels and delivery brief messages, extended messaging, or a connection to a therapist to discuss opioid risks. The project will use artificial intelligence to select the actions most likely to reduce non-medical opioid use for each participant, while ensuring that scarce therapist time is used as efficiently as possible.
For more information, contact Dr. Amy Bohnert at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Artificial Intelligence, Chronic Pain, Community, Interactive Voice Response (IVR), U-M Health System